By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few whole descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The advanced tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and provided in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain tune of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists can be specially attracted to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a few logically autonomous phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate beneficial analyses of, between others, gender and contract; stressful, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they're going to stumble upon many morphosyntactic ameliorations among Eton and the higher identified japanese and Southern Bantu languages, frequently because of evolutions formed by way of maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and intricate buildings supply information not often present in resources at the languages of the zone, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library)
A minimal pair is impossible, since /gb/ occurs only in the onset of prominent syllables and in that position both phonemes are always preceded by a homorganic nasal. 14 Phonology /z/ vs. /n/ /zà/ ‘hunger, famine’ /nâ/ ‘that’ (complementizer) /͟/ vs. )’ (v) /͡ۅmám/ ‘be acid’ (v) /m/ vs. /n/ /mú͡/ ‘smile’ (v) /nùm/ ‘stink’ (v) /͟/ vs. /͡/ /͟͟ڮám/ ‘preparation’ /͡͡ڮám/ ‘residue’ /m/ vs. /͟/ /mú͡/ ‘smile’ (v) /͟ú͡/ ‘drink’ (v) /͟/ vs. )’ (v) /jà͡à/ ‘wait’ (v) /m/ vs. /͡ۅm/ /màn/ ‘finish’ (v) /͡ۅmám/ ‘be acid’ (v) /͡ۅm/ vs.
In the singular an epenthetic schwa is inserted on the phonological level. Remember that a sonorant cannot be the 14. This is not an ideal situation, but there are no reasons to exclude it a priori. A possible way of avoiding this situation is to define a labiopalatal fricative phoneme /vۅj/, but this solution transfers the problem to a lower level of analysis instead of solving it. e. speakers do not perceive it as one sound. 15. The number between brackets indicates the gender of the nouns in question, see Section III:3.
2. e. after a structural |w| or a structural vowel. In contrast, when the phoneme /ũ/ occurs in a stem, it is always before a word boundary, except in a few borrowings such as /zũڮkúlî/ ‘school’ and /bũڮzímí/ ‘police’, the initial syllable of which can be analysed as a prosodic prefix. This distribution can be accounted for by means of the representation rules in (37) and (38). Note that the related word forms in the examples provide extra evidence for these representation rules. ’ (imperative singular) 37 It must be pointed out that the distribution of /Ų/ and /ũ/ is complementary in prefixes as well, be it in a totally different, phonotactic way.
A Grammar of Eton (Mouton Grammar Library) by Van de Velde, Mark L.O.